Mulberry Cultivation is done in a large area of ​​the country. It is mainly cultivated to feed silkworms. Apart from this, its fruit is very helpful for one’s health. Hence its demand remains in the market. Therefore, farmer brothers can earn a good profit by cultivating it.

Benefits Of Mulberry

Mulberry wood is used in windows and doors in the construction of sports goods, furniture and houses. Its leaves are also utilised as animal feed. Moreover, its fodder is very beneficial to sheep and goats. Its dried leaves are helpful for ducks and chickens.

Its fruit is very beneficial for human health. It contains 8% to 9% sugar and one percent acid, which is very important in purifying the blood. In European countries, wine is also made from its fruits. Mulberry fruit is dried, and its powder is also made. As a medicine, the bark of the tree is essential in clearing the stomach. It has proved effective in killing stomach worms etc. A tonic made by extracting juice from the root of mulberry is beneficial in some diseases of the human nervous system, and the volatile oil is obtained from it. Fruit juice is very beneficial in diseases like fever and throat etc.

Climate And Land

Mulberry is a tree of temperate climate. It can be planted in cold climate areas as well as in subtropical and tropical regions. In areas where the maximum temperature reaches 40 to 50 degree Celsius during summer and the minimum temperature reaches zero degrees in the roots. There it becomes successful as well as rapidly deteriorating.

It can be grown successfully in different types of soils, from sandy loam to black loam soil. Its trees grow rapidly when there is sufficient moisture in the deep, accessible sandy alluvial soil. Mulberry is suitable for areas where the pH value of the soil is between 6.0 to 7.5.

Land Preparation

Mulberry trees are usually sown in July-August or December-January. Therefore, the preparation of its land begins before the monsoon rains. With 30 to 35 cm deep ploughing of the field by the Mini Tractor, rotted manure of cow dung at the rate of 8 tonnes per acre is mixed in the land.

Plant Preparation

There are numerous methods for preparing mulberry seedlings, but low-cost and good-quality plants are prepared from mulberry cuttings. In this famous method, cuttings are prepared from mulberry twigs. The twigs are cut from 6 to 8 inches long, so there are 4 to 5 buds. The above cuttings are buried diagonally in the ground with the help of Tractors, and irrigation is done by pressing the soil around them. The leaves emerge from the cutting in a few days with available food material. And in about 6 months, a 3 to 4 feet tall mulberry plant is ready, which is suitable for planting mulberry trees.

Planting And Spacing

Generally, in a bushy plantation, a 3 x 3 or 6 x 2-metre distance is done. By planting in this way, 5000 saplings can be produced in one acre. Moreover, planting mulberry in the first year takes one year to develop the plant. In the third year from the above plantation, about 8 to 10 thousand kg of mulberry leaves can be produced per year from one acre area with the use of manure/fertilizer and traction works in appropriate quantity.

Manures And Fertilizers

In mulberry-planted orchards, the yield of stems with leaves is taken for 15 to 20 years. In which a large amount of nutrients is lost. Therefore, 20 tonnes of decomposed manure per hectare should be applied in irrigated areas and 10 tonnes in unirrigated areas. By which the fertile power of the soil can be made. In chemical fertilizers, 350:140:140 kilograms of nitrogen, phosphorus and potash are applied in five equal parts per hectare per year.

Irrigation

Plants planted in the monsoon season do not require much irrigation, but irrigation should be provided at a gap of 10 to 15 days in case of no rain. Apart from this, the plants grow well by keeping them irrigated at intervals of 10 to 12 days as per requirement.

Harvesting

Mulberry fruits are harvested when they ripen. A matured fruit is usually dark red or purple in colour. It is advisable to pluck the mulberry with your hands in the morning. After fruit plucking, the fruits are sent to the mandi or market for making new products.

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